​Welding Occupational Information

Set up, operate, or tend welding, soldering, or brazing machines or robots that weld, braze, solder, or heat treat metal products, components, or assemblies. Includes workers who operate laser cutters or laser-beam machines.


Occupation Overview

  • Repair and join metal parts using heat and tools
  • Often wear safety shoes, goggles, and hoods with protective lenses
  • Usually work alone and indoors
  • May work up to 70 hours per week
  • Usually train through formal training programs
  • Some train on the job
  • May need to be certified

Wages and Trends

Average Annual Job Openings Due To​ ​ ​Entry WageMedian Wage
​51-4121​Welders, Cutters,
Solderers & Brazers
Note:  Occupational wage information provided in this table is a statewide average for Illinois.  Wages may vary across regions within Illinois. ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​


​Required Knowledge and Skills

  • Identify safe welding practices and procedures conforming to American Welding Society (AWS) Z 49 standards.
  • Demonstrate practical knowledge of making welds with all types of mild steel electrodes, arc air gouging and the welding of mild steel in all positions in a safe manner.
  • Exhibit a basic understanding of metallurgy required of a competent welder.
  • Interpret both basic and advanced welding fabrications blueprints including: welding symbols, weld testing symbols, structural steel shapes, and welding specifications.
  • Document advanced knowledge and techniques for the safe and successful operation of gas tungsten welding, shielded metal arc welding, gas metal arc welding, and oxy fuel gas welding.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of code practices and procedures in American Welding Society (AWS) D1.1.
  • Perform an American Welding Society (AWS) 1G with a backing strip test or 3G with an open root.

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